Using Tokens for Your Projects

Let’s say you’re designing an application that uses If your intention is to have users authenticate, you have a few options.

  1. Ask the user to enter their credentials each time they start the application. (Or save the username somewhere, and just ask for the password.)

  2. Ask the user to supply their credentials once and store them somewhere for later use.

  3. Ask the user to supply their credentials once, get an authorization token and store that for later use.

The first isn’t a bad method at all, it just unfortunately may lead to unhappy users, this should always be an option though. The second (as I already noted) is a bad idea. Even if you obfuscate the username and password, they can still be discovered and no level of obfuscation is clever enough. (May I also take this moment to remind people that base64 is not encryption.) The last is probably the least objectionable of the evils. The token has scopes so there is only so much someone can do with it and it works well with

Requesting a token

If you’re not doing a web application, you are more than welcome to use (otherwise work with redirects). Let’s say your application needs access to public and private repositories, and the users but not to gists. Your scopes should be ['user', 'repo']. I’m also assuming your application will not be deleting any repositories. The only things left to do are collect the username and password and give a good description for your application.

from github3 import authorize
from getpass import getuser, getpass

user = getuser()
password = ''

while not password:
    password = getpass('Password for {0}: '.format(user))

note = ' example app'
note_url = ''
scopes = ['user', 'repo']

auth = authorize(user, password, scopes, note, note_url)

with open(CREDENTIALS_FILE, 'w') as fd:
    fd.write(auth.token + '\n')

In the future, you can then read that token in without having to bother your user. If at some later point in the lifetime of your application you need more privileges, you simply do the following:

from github3 import login

token = id = ''
with open(CREDENTIALS_FILE, 'r') as fd:
    token = fd.readline().strip()  # Can't hurt to be paranoid
    id = fd.readline().strip()

gh = login(token=token)
auth = gh.authorization(id)
auth.update(add_scopes=['repo:status', 'gist'], rm_scopes=['user'])

# if you want to be really paranoid, you can then test:
# token == auth.token
# in case the update changes the token